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Individual Research Studies

The research is primarily categorized by the larger physiolocgical effects on the body. The Secondary divisions represent how research is conducted: ‘Uncontrolled’ Field setting or in ‘Controlled’ Lab setting where all the all the factors that are needed to arrive at Results are controlled in a Laboratory. Both types of science are important to reach the larger conclusion on certain exposures, toxins, chemicals, etc. potentially dangerous to the public health or the environment. At different times one type of Research may carry more weight than the other, ‘Uncontrolled’ vs. ‘Controlled’.
Where possible the Research is further divided by wireless device

Open Well Being & Health Section

Well Being & Health

This category of research was most commonly generated using sectors of the population with higher exposures to Cell, Broadcast and Radar Towers before personal wireless devices were so prevalent inside and outside the home. It can be said we are now equally exposed to higher RF/microwave radiation because of abundance of close proximity personal wireless devices. Therefore, health symptoms and complaints could be similar to those experienced just 8 years ago by more distant towers and antenna farms.

Many of the Studies involve self reporting answers to questionnaires using Distance from neighboring RF Transmitters and RF measurements in the home to verify the results.

Attributing health issues are:

Sleep Disorders, headaches, irritability, depression, anxiety, fatigue, digestive issues, memory/learning issues, dizziness, flushing, tinnitus, tremors, cardiac issues.

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FIELD EXPOSURES STUDIES – Uncontrolled Environments
Cell, Broadcast Towers & Radar

  • Summary: Sleep quality and Melatonin levels Increased after Shutdown of Radio transmitter. Improvement was greatest in population with poor sleep quality.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: School children living near a radio station suffered reduced motor function, memory and attention spans.
    Motor and psychological functions of school children living in the area of the Skrunda Radio.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Multiple symptoms – sleep problems, headaches, irritability, depression, nausea, loss of memory, dizziness ; found in people living closest to the referenced cell tower.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Irritability, fatigue, sleep, concentraton, headaches, cardiovascular disorders found in population living close to cell tower and higher measurable exposure readings of RF/microwave radiation.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Fatigue, irritability, lack of appetite, sleep troubles, depression and lack of concentration were especially related with higher RF/Microwave (GSM transmitter) exposure.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Residents living closer to cell tower and higher levels of exposure reported more circulatory problems, sleep disturbances, irritability, depression, blurred vision, and concentration difficulties.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Headaches, concentration problems, cold hands & feet, perceptual speed increased while accuracy went down slightly. Sleep quality was not effected by those having higher exposure levels from cell towers in their home.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: In contrast, people exposed to higher cell tower radiation levels experienced greater calmness and lower arousal rates than people exposed to much lower cell tower radiation.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Sleep, depression, greater infections, skin and cardiovascular problems, visual & auditory changes and greater gastrointestinal problems were found in homes with higher readings of RF/microwave radiation.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Headache, memory changes, dizziness, tremors, depressive symptoms, sleep disturbance were found in population living under or opposite Building site Antenna farms.
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  • Summary: Inhabitants living less than < 300m from Cell tower experienced statistically significant higher incidence nausea, headache, dizziness, irritability, discomfort, nervousness, depression, sleep disturbance, memory loss compared to those living >300 mtrs away.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Headaches & sleep delay problems were most strongly associated with cell phone exposure.
    Text of Study

LAB EXPOSURE STUDIES – Controlled Environments
Cell Phones

  • Summary: Electrosensitive subjects exposed to stronger cell tower RF emissions reported symptoms like buzzing in the head, heart palpitation, lightheadedness, anxiety, breathlessness, respiratory problems, nervousness, agitation, headache, tinnitus, heat sensation and depression. The symptoms were additionally verified by significant brain wave changes as shown in EEG.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Headaches & sleep delay problems were most strongly associated with cell phone exposure.
    Text of Study

Open Cellular & Hormonal Changes Section

Cellular & Hormonal Changes

This category is important because it is precursor to many diseases, with serious potential to reduce well being and degrade physical/ psychological health. It involves and array of biological and chemical elements and processes. It is very complex, broad, and functions are interrelated. Thousands of research studies have been completed in this area in the last 50 years. For the most comprehensive listing and analysis in this category, visit Bio Initiative Report. Another good source of information can be found at EH Trust.

To name a few Key Critical Cellular & Hormonal Issues:

Gene Toxicity & mutation, DNA Damage, Melatonin decrease, Oxidative stress, surge Reactive Oxygen Species, mitochondria changes, Protein & Molecular damage & deregulation, Antioxidant suppression, Calcium Ion imbalances, micronuecli increase, Nitric Oxide changes, Blood cell damage, Cortisol activation, Heat shock protein activation, T3 thyroid changes.

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FIELD EXPOSURE STUDIES – Uncontrolled Environments
Cell Tower | Cell Phone

  • Summary: Young adult volunteers show reductions in hormonal levels and plasma proteins: ACTH, serum cortisol, female prolactin levels, thyroid hormones especially T3 and testosterone in males due to long term exposure to RF from cell towers, antennas & phones.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Study found 6 months after activation of neighboring cell tower, stress-related hormones/neurotransmitters were significantly elevated through increase stress hormones. Adrenaline, noradrenaline and significant reduction in mood enhancing neurotransmitters dopamine, and phenylethylamine (PEA). This condition was more pronounced in sick, elderly and young children. Condition continued 1 ½ after installation.
    Text of Study

LAB EXPOSURE STUDIES – Controlled Environments
Cell Phone

  • Summary: RF radiation induces negative micronuclei in specific blood cell lines but not others. Possible adverse health effect: Cancer & immune dysfunction.
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  • Summary: Study showed 13 proteins in the Brain effected by exposure to direct exposure to RF/Microwave radiation, specifically Cordless phones. Study states proteins effected can have correlation to headaches, sleep disturbance, fatigue, memory deficits, and brain tumor long-term induction.
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  • Summary: Rabbits moderately exposed showed enzymes governing respiration (succinate dehydrogenase – SD) & glycolysis (lactate dehydrogenase) were significantly activated & deactivated, respectively. Implied the body had insufficient time for rest and repair thru process of glycolysis. SD is powerful energy-supply enzyme in mitochondria which in turn effects respiration.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: R3G mobile phone significantly activated cellular stress response thru cellular signal transduction pathways, inducing DNA strand breaks in brain, significant increase in micronuclei.
    Text of Study

RF Transmitter

  • Summary: Variations in the levels of Stress metabolizing proteins and enzymes were observed in 3 groups of Humans subjects exposed to changing intensity levels of cell tower radiation. Pronounced jump in Cortisol was found in group experiencing high exposure after a prolonged period of low cell tower exposure.
    Possible adverse health effects: Diabetes, Kidney & cardiovascular disorders
    ‘Effects of exposure to GSM mobile phone base station signals on salivary cortisol, alpha-amylase, and immunoglobulin A’
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Rats RF exposed showed stimulation to ROS (Reactive Oxygen Species) indicating oxidative stress and depression of various Thyroid hormones induced at RF levels mostly below safety guidelines. Protection afforded by Vit C &E antioxidants.
    Possible adverse health effects: Diabetes; Thyroid , Reproductive and Cardiovascular disorders.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Rise in Micronuclei in fetal rat.
    Possible adverse health effect: Cancer and Immune dysfunction
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  • Summary: RF disturbs calcium ion exchange process, activation of cyclic GMP & Nitric Oxide (NO). Authors suggest that radio frequency activates NO synthase to induce vasodilatation.
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  • Summary: RF radiation induces negative micronuclei in specific blood cell lines but not others.
    Possible adverse health effect: Cancer & immune dysfunction
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  • Summary: Rats exposed to simulated pulse modulated 2G phone showed significant levels of oxidative stress & tissue toxicity by release of reactive oxygen species thru lipid perioxidation shown in the elevated levels of MDA(malondialdehyde)
    Text of Study

Open Circulatory & Cardiac Changes Section

Circulatory & Cardiac Changes

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FIELD EXPOSURE STUDIES – Uncontrolled Environments
Cell and Broadcast Towers

  • Summary: Higher blood pressure and elevated cholesterol in TV & broadcasting workers ‘Cardiovascular risk in operators under radio-frequency electromagnetic radiation’.
    Text of Study

LAB EXPOSURE STUDIES – Controlled Environments
Cell Phones

  • Summary: Comparison One minute Cell Phone call between New-users (NU) & long term (LT) users: LT users increase in Chloresterol and Heart rate, while NU users showed greater decrease Blood Oxygen absorption (SPO2%).
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  • Summary: Effects seen on circulation, blood pressure, anxiety by RF radiation ‘900 MHz (GSM) exposure and EEG, cerebral circulation, and auditory & evoked brainstem responses in humans’.
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  • Summary: Cell phones in Ringing mode significantly increased heart rate variability chaos rate over stand-by mode
    Analysis of the mobile phone effect on the heart rate variability by using the largest Lyapunov exponent.
    Text of Study

Open Cancer Section

Cancer

Cancer appears to be the most focused and studied Disease trend in Electromagnetic Biological research. Most of media and public attention has focused on Cell phones and Brain Cancer; however the scientific literature has reported many other types Cancers can be attributed to RF/Microwave radiation exposure. Because of great interest in Brain Cancer we have divided this section in two: Brain Cancer and Other Cancers

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Brain Cancer

FIELD EXPOSURE STUDIES – Uncontrolled Environments
Cell Phones and Broadcast Towers

  • Summary: National Toxicology Program of the NIH found one in twelve (12) male rats developed either malignant cancer (brain and rare heart tumors) or pre-cancerous lesions that can lead to cancer in the exposed group compared to controls which developed none. Heart glial tumors schwannomas were particular interest and significance compared to controls for they attack central nervous system functions. Heart tumors were more evident in male than female rats at all intensities.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Study analyzed data on cell/cordless phone use and brain tumor rates between 2007 and 2009. They found that tumor rates rose after 10 years of use increasing steadily to 25 years. Occurrence of tumors as expressed Odds Ratio after 10 yrs analogue phone (OR) 1.8, increasing (OR)3.3>25 years . Digital 2G phone OR=1.6, increasing OR=2.1 >15-20 years . Cordless phone use OR=1.7, and OR=2.1 for 15-20 years of use. OR rates greater for side of head, phone used.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Study found mobile phones for ≥3 hours a day show a consistent pattern of increased risk for the mutant type of p53 gene expression in the peripheral zone of the glioblastoma (malignant brain cancer), and that this increase was significantly correlated with shorter overall survival time.
    Text of Study

Other Cancers

FIELD EXPOSURE STUDIES – Uncontrolled Environments
Cell, Broadcast, and Radar Towers

  • Summary: NA four-fold increase in the incidence of cancer was detected. among residents living near a mobile phone installation between 3 and 7 years.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: A correlation exists between rising rates of Melonoma and the appearance of the first FM Broadcasting transmitter in 4 different countries.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Living within 100 meters of cell tower raised the cancer incidence by 35% compared to populations living further from cell tower and presumably experiencing lower microwave radiation exposures.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Significantly decreased survival rates of childhood leukemia from children residing less than 4 km from television towers.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Children living within 2 km of nearest AM radio transmitter had 2.5 higher incidence of Leukemia.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: A three-fold increase in the incidence of malignant tumours was found after 5 years exposure in people living 400 metres from a mobile phone mast.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Cancers varied from eye; testes; nasal; lymphoma; breast. RF radiation levels were not much higher than cell phones in talk mode,or close proximity to commercial WIFI routers or Smart meter.
    Text of Study

FIELD EXPOSURE STUDIES – Uncontrolled Environments
Cell Phones

  • Summary: Study found significant incident of Salivary gland (Parotid) tumors and malignancies on same side of head (ipsilatera) the phone was used, for specifically heavier users identified by cumulative number of calls, odds ratio (OR) 1.58 and call time OR = 1.49. For l use, the odds ratios in the highest category of cumulative number of calls and call time without use of hands-free devices were 1.58 (95% confidence interval: 1.11, 2.24) and 1.49 (95% confidence interval: 1.05, 2.13), respectively.
    Text of Study

Open Learning & Behavior Section

Learning & Behavior

Learning and behavior is a cross linked field with ‘Nervous System & the Brain’ and ‘Well Being” issues. The distinct issues we find in this section is that working memory is an effect of Wireless RF exposure, especially in younger test subjects. Reaction time seems to speed up as an effect of exposure

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FIELD EXPOSURE STUDIES – Uncontrolled Environments
Cell Phones and Personal Wireless Devices

  • Summary: Severe cognitive decline children 7-12 yrs of age using various Mobile Communication devices in 4 yr study span.
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  • Summary: Effect on memory, reaction time affected by teenagers cell phone usuage.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Behavioral problems and hyperactivity in children of mothers using cell phones during pregnancy and continued use by children up to age of 7 years.
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LAB EXPOSURE STUDIES – Controlled Environments
Cell Phone

  • Summary: Mice exposed to Cell phone radiation in early Utero gestation had impaired memories, hyperactive and less anxious.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Response time delayed.
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  • Summary: Meta-analysis (Compilation of research) of Neurobehavioral animal studies showed significant changes in reaction time & working memory from GSM cell phones. .
    Text of Study

Open Nervous System & the Brain Section

Nervous System & the Brain

This topic is highly cross linked with ‘Cellular & Hormonal’ and ‘Learning and Behavior’ effects. Categorizing the Nervous System and the Brain as independent is limited since the both are interrelated and so many other functions of the body or either depend upon the reactions of other body processes.

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LAB EXPOSURE STUDIES – Controlled Environments
Cell Phone

  • Summary: Researchers found Smartphone & Ipad TEXTing sets up a unique Texting Rhythm (Brain Wave) in the brain that is not duplicated by other similar activities. This novel brain pattern according to researchers can have implications for texting while driving. The brain pattern showed a more over stimulated brain.
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  • Summary: Sleep brain wave alterations occur only from pulse modulating frequencies.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Cell phones exposures leads to breaching of Blood Brain Barrier allows toxins to enter brain. Possible adverse health effects: Neurological diseases.
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  • Summary: EEG readings showed after cell phone exposure at night, test subjects had difficulty falling asleep and reaching and maintaining the deeper sleep cycles.
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RF Transmitter

  • Summary: Two mice nerve cell lines were studied to detect alterations from RF cell phone type exposure. Study found increased expression of cytoskeleton regulating factors, β-thymosin, and reduced number of cortical neurons.
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  • Summary: Pulse modulation emitted by cell phones and other wireless devices is crucial for RF EMF-induced alterations in brain physiology and increase in regional cerebral blood flow.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Exposure during pregnancy led to compromised learning behavior and histopathological changes appearing in the hippocampus.
    Text of Study

Open Reproduction, Growth, & Fertility Section

Reproduction, Growth, & Fertility

The effects of Wireless RF/microwave radiation on this topic are numerous. This section has done a minimal job introducing the abundant amount of scientific research that has been completed on this topic. Probably the most publicized research in this area is male sperm fertility issues effected by RF radiation, specifically direct contact with wireless devices such as cell phones in pocket and wifi enabled laptops on lap.

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FIELD EXPOSURE STUDIES – Uncontrolled Environments
Cell Phone & WiFi

  • Summary: Out of 371 Men tested prolonged use of cell phones appears to show negative effects on the sperm motility characteristics. Hungary 2005
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  • Summary: Damage of Sperm vitality from laptops WIFI enabled.
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LAB EXPOSURE STUDIES – Uncontrolled Environments
Cell Phones

  • Summary: Oxidative stress reduces Sperm motility.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Exposure to RF by cell phones significantly decreased sperm motility and viability, increase oxidative stress in sperm while reducing total antioxidant capacity.
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  • Summary: Reproductive decline & cellular damage in certain breed of Insects exposed for generations to cell phone frequencies.
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FIELD EXPOSURE STUDIES – Uncontrolled Environments
Broadcasting Antennas

  • Summary: OContinued exposure by female mice to neighboring antenna radiation from broadcast towers caused them to become increasingly infertile. After 5 litters they were completely infertile. Radiation levels were no higher than that found in close proximity to many current wireless devices. Mice can have up to 8 to 9 litters per year.
    Text of Study

Open Allergies Section

Allergies

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LAB EXPOSURE STUDIES – Controlled Environments
Cell Phone

  • Summary: Blood & pollen skin test revealed higher allergy response during the use of cell phones.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Only people with Eczema had increased allergic skin effect by playing Video Games and frequently ringing cell phones. Besides skin wheal responses and increased plasma levels of substance P, vasoactive intestinal peptide and nerve growth factors were produced and concomitant increase production ofinterleukin inflammatory factors , IL-4, IL-10 and IL-13. Japan, 2003
    Text of Study

Open Diseases Section

Diseases

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Nervous System

Many of the common diseases associated with the Nervous system and the brain have been found underoccupational exposures. Unfortunately, these exposures do not categorize what type of electromagnetic frequency involved. The ones that do, identify it in crude terms as Magnetic fields, probably in lower frequency bands associated with power lines frequencies, not the higher RF & microwave frequencies bands found in wireless communication radiation. Nevertheless, 60 years of electromagnetic science shows time and again that bio-effects occurring in the lower powerline frequency bands, more often than not occur in the higher RF/microwave frequency bands.

FIELD EXPOSURE STUDIES – Uncontrolled Environments
Occupational EMF

  • Summary: Elevated occupational magnetic field exposure was associated with an increased risk of Alzheimers.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Higher incidence of ALS, Parkinsons in Electrical occupations.
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Diabetes

Diabetes is a particularly pervasive disease today with a very strong growing trendline. Diabetes is an interesting disease because it relates to many other metabolic diseases, which often their root cause in stress factors concommitantly effecting glucose metabolism. The key factor in RF radiation’s bioeffect is most often stimulating stress mechanisms of the body.

FIELD EXPOSURE STUDIES – Uncontrolled Environments
Cell Towers | General EMF Sources

  • Summary: School Children exposed to Cell towers in vicinity of School higher incidence of Type 2 Diabetes as measured specific hemogloblin marker, HbA1c.
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LAB EXPOSURE STUDIES – Controlled Environments
Cell Phone

  • Summary: Cellphone use tied increase brain glucose activity can lead to the formation of free radicals which in excess can damage healthy cells or set off an inflammatory response.
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Radio Transmitter

  • Summary: Study showed mice who were exposed to mobile phone simulated radiation for longer periods showed higher glucose levels and higher insulin resistance.
    Text of Study

Open Wildlife and Plants Section

Wildlife and Plants

Most of this section involves smaller animal life such birds and bees. They appear to be easier to study as well as more susceptible to RF wireless radiation technologies. Several plant studies have been performed that show they can be equally compromised by our wireless technologies.

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  • Summary: Reproductive decline of house sparrow and tadpole exposed to cell tower radiation.
    Text of Study
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Rocky Mountain Aspen tree growth stunted from environmental radiowaves.
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  • Summary: Bees do not return to hive exposed to cell phone radiation.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Honey bee piping sounds increase in the vicinity of active cell phone exposure.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Ants with direct exposure to EMF waves lose their ability to collect food and respond to alarm pheromones leading to substantially reduced colony.
    Text of Study

Composite Reports of Wildlife Research

  • Summary: The Report on Possible Impacts from Communication Towers on Wildlife including Birds and Bees.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Impacts of radio-frequency electromagnetic field (RF-­EMF) from cell phone towers and wireless devices on biosystem and ecosystem.
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  • Summary: Electromagnetic Pollution from Phone masts, Effects on Wildlife.
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  • Summary: Presentation to the Manitoba Entomological Society, reviewing 91 studies on the effects of RF/MW radiation on honey bees, insects, birds.
    Text of Study
  • Summary: Reduced Bird Population, Bees colony Collapse Disorder and Wildlife.
    Text of Study


Well Being and Health

alergies

Cellular & Hormonal

Cellular Hormone

Circulatory & Cardiac Changes

Circulation Heart

Cancer

Cancer

Learning & Behavior

Learn & Behav

Nervous System & the Brain

Nervous Sys Brain

Reproduction, Growth & Fertility

reproduct fertility

Allergies

Allergy

Diseases

Disease

WildLife & Plants

Wildlife plants