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Individual Research Studies

Well Being & Health

Well Being & Health

This category of research was most commonly generated using sectors of the population with higher exposures to Cell, Broadcast and Radar Towers before personal wireless devices were so prevalent inside and outside the home. It can be said we are now equally exposed  to higher RF/microwave radiation because of the close proximity of personal wireless devices and 1000’s of Cell antennas. Therefore, health symptoms and complaints by population at large could be similar to those experienced just 8 years ago by those living closer to cell towers and antenna farms.

Many of the Studies involve self reporting answers to questionnaires using Distance from neighboring RF Transmitters. Several studies verified questionnaire answers by comparing the answers to RF measurement changes, and/or actual biological effects.

Attributing health issues to Wireless Exposure are:

Sleep Disorders, headaches, irritability, depression, anxiety, fatigue, digestive issues, memory/learning issues, dizziness, flushing, tinnitus, tremors, cardiac issues.

View/Download Complete PDF Including Citations

FIELD EXPOSURES – Uncontrolled Environments

Cell , Broadcast Towers & Radar

Sleep quality and Melatonin levels Increased after Shutdown of Radio transmitter. Improvement was greatest in population with poor sleep quality.       

Effect of short-wave (6-22 MHz) magnetic fields on sleep quality and melatonin cycle in humans: the Schwarzenburg shut-down study’; Altpeter ES, Röösli M, Battaglia M, et al.;  Source Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Berne;  1996

Switzerland, 1996

School children living near a radio station suffered reduced motor function, memory and attention spans

Motor and psychological functions of school  children living in the area of the Skrunda Radio;  Location Station in Latvia;  A. A. Kolodynski and V. V. Kolodynska; Institute of Biology, Latvian Academy of Sciences,

Latvia, Russia, 1999:

Tag: Learning and Behavior;

Multiple symptoms – sleep problems, headaches, irritability, depression, nausea, loss of memory, dizziness ;  found in people living closest to the referenced cell tower.

Investigation on the health of people living near mobile telephone relay stations: I/Incidence according to distance and sex’;  Santini R, Santini P, Danze JM, Le Ruz P, Seigne M.; France, 2002; Institut national des sciences appliquées, laboratoire de biochimie-pharmacologie, bâtiment Louis Pasteur

France, 2002:  

Irritability, fatigue, sleep, concentraton, headaches, cardiovascular disorders found in population living close to cell tower and higher measurable exposure readings of RF/microwave radiation.

The Microwave Syndrome- Further Aspects of a Spanish Study’; Oberfeld Gerd, Navarro A. Enrique, Portoles Manuel, Maestu Ceferino, Gomez-Perretta Claudio;  Public Health Department Salzburg, Austria, University Hospital La Fe, Valencia, Department of Applied Physics, University Valencia,

Spain, 2004

Fatigue, irritability, lack of appetite, sleep troubles, depression and lack of concentration were especially related with higher RF/Microwave (GSM transmitter) exposure

Subjective symptoms related to GSM radiation from mobile phone base stations: a cross-sectional study;  Claudio Gómez-Perretta,  Enrique A Navarro, Jaume Segura,  Manuel Portolés,; Research Center, University Hospital La Fe, Valencia, Spain;  BMJ Open 2013;3:e003836 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003836

Spain, 2003 & 2013

Residents living closer to cell tower and higher levels of exposure reported more circulatory problems, sleep disturbances, irritability, depression, blurred vision, and concentration difficulties

Subjective symptoms reported by people living in the vicinity of cellular phone base stations: review;  Bortkiewicz A, Zmyślony M, Szyjkowska A, Gadzicka E; Med Pr. 2004;55(4):345-51

Poland, 2004:  

Headaches, concentration problems, cold hands & feet, perceptual speed increased while accuracy went down slightly. Sleep quality was not effected by those having higher exposure levels from cell towers in their home

Subjective symptoms, sleeping problems, and cognitive performance in subjects living near mobile phone base stations’;  HP Hutter, H Moshammer, P Wallner, and M Kundi;  Institute of Environmental Health, Medical University of Vienna, Austria

Austria, 2005:

In contrast, people exposed to higher cell tower radiation levels   experienced greater calmness and lower arousal rates  than people exposed to much lower cell tower radiation. NOTE: could greater calmness and lower arousal rates be implication of Fatigue.

GSM base stations: short-term effects on well-being.; Augner C1, Florian M, Pauser G, Oberfeld G, Hacker GW.; 1IGGMB, Research Institute for Frontier Questions of Medicine and Biotechnology, Landeskrankenhaus Salzburg, University Clinics of the Paracelsus Medical Private University, Salzburg, ; Bioelectromagnetics. Jan;30(1):73-80. doi: 10.1002/bem.20447.

Austria, 2009

sleep, depression, greater infections, skin and cardiovascular problems, visual & auditory changes and greater gastrointestinal problems were found in homes with  higher readings of RF/microwave  radiation.

‘Specific Health Symptoms from  Cell Phone Radiation Frequencies in Selbitz (Bavaria, Germany)—  Evidence of a Dose-Response Relationship’) ;   Horst Eger and Manfred Jahn;   Bavarian Municipality of Selbitz;

Germany, 2010:

Headache, memory changes, dizziness, tremors, depressive symptoms , sleep disturbance  were found in population living under or opposite  Building site Antenna farms

‘Neurobehavioral effects among inhabitants around  mobile phone base stations’;  G. Abdel-Rassoul *, O. Abou El-Fateh, M. Abou Salem, A. Michael,  F. Farahat, M. El-Batanouny, E. Salem; Community, Environmental and Occupational Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufiya University, Shebin El-Kom

Egypt,  2007

Inhabitants living less than < 300m from Cell tower experienced statistically significant higher incidence  nausea, headache, dizziness, irritability, discomfort, nervousness, depression, sleep disturbance, memory loss compared to those living >300 mtrs away.

Health effects of living near mobile phone base transceiver station (BTS)antennae: a report from Isfahan, Iran; Daryoush Shahbazi-Gahrouei, Mojtaba Karbalae, et al.; Department of Medical Physics and Medical Engineering, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Iran, 2014,  

LAB EXPOSURES – Controlled Environments

Cell Tower

Electrosensitive subjects exposed to stronger cell tower RF emissions reported symptoms like buzzing in the head, heart palpitation,  lightheadedness, anxiety, breathlessness, respiratory problems, nervousness, agitation, headache, tinnitus, heat sensation and depression  The symptoms were additionally verified by significant brain wave changes as shown in EEG

Cell phone base stations change brain currents and cause unwellness; Oberfeld,G, Schimke H., Bernatzky G.; Salzburg Univ & Land Salzburg – Depts of Neurodynamics & Neurosignaling, Environmental Medicine, Salzburg, Austria; Press Release from Omega News – May 1, 2005

Austria, 2005

Cell Phone

Headaches & sleep delay problems were most strongly associated with cell phone exposure.

‘The EFects of 884 MHz GSM Wireless Communication Signals on Self-reported Symptoms and Sleep | An Experimental Provocation Study’;  Bengt Arnetz, et al.; Wayne State University & Uppsala University, USA,  2Karolinska Institutet, Sweden; US & Sweden, 2007

Well Being & Health Doc

Well Being and Health

 

This category of research was most commonly generated using sectors of the population with higher exposures to Cell, Broadcast and Radar Towers before personal wireless devices were so prevalent inside and outside the home. It can be said we are now equally exposed  to higher RF/microwave radiation because of the close proximity personal wireless devices and 1000’s of Cell antennas. Therefore, health symptoms and complaints by population at large could be similar to those experienced just 8 years ago by those living closer to cell towers and antenna farms. Many of the Studies involve self reporting answers to questionnaires using Distance from neighboring RF Transmitters. Several studies verified questionaire answers by comparing the answers to RF measurement changes, and/or actual biological effects.

Attributing health issues to Wireless Exposure are:

Sleep Disorders, headaches, irritability, depression, anxiety, fatigue, digestive issues, memory/learning issues, dizziness, flushing, tinnitus, tremors, cardiac issues.

 

FIELD EXPOSURES – Uncontrolled Environments

Cell, Broadcast Towers & Radar

 

Sleep quality and Melatonin levels Increased after Shutdown of Radio transmitter. Improvement was greatest in population with poor sleep quality. Abstract

  • Effect of short-wave (6-22 MHz) magnetic fields on sleep quality and melatonin cycle in humans: the Schwarzenburg shut-down study’; Altpeter ES, Röösli M, Battaglia M, et al.; Source Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Berne;  Switzerland, 1996

 

School children living near a radio station suffered reduced motor function, memory and attention spans. Abstract

  • Motor and psychological functions of school children living in the area of the Skrunda Radio;;  A. Kolodynski and V. V. Kolodynska; Institute of Biology, Latvian Academy of Sciences. Latvia, Russia, 1999.

 

Multiple symptoms – sleep problems, headaches, irritability, depression, nausea, loss of memory, dizziness found in people living closest to the referenced cell tower. Abstract

  • Investigation on the health of people living near mobile telephone relay stations: I/Incidence according to distance and sex’; Santini R, Santini P, Danze JM, Le Ruz P, Seigne M.; France, 2002; Institut national des sciences appliquées, laboratoire de biochimie-pharmacologie, bâtiment Louis Pasteur. France, 2002:

 

Irritability, fatigue, sleep, concentraton, headaches cardiovascular disorders found in population living close to cell tower and higher measurable exposure readings of RF/microwave radiation. Abstract & Full Study

  • The Microwave Syndrome- Further Aspects of a Spanish Study’; Oberfeld Gerd, Navarro A. Enrique, Portoles Manuel, Maestu Ceferino, Gomez-Perretta Claudio; Public Health Department Salzburg, Austria, University Hospital La Fe, Valencia, Department of Applied Physics, University Valencia, . Spain, 2004

 

Fatigue, irritability, lack of appetite, sleep troubles, depression and lack of concentration were especially related with higher RF/Microwave (GSM transmitter) exposure. Abstract & Full Study

  • Subjective symptoms related to GSM radiation from mobile phone base stations: a cross-sectional study; Claudio Gómez-Perretta,  Enrique A Navarro,  Jaume Segura,  Manuel Portolés,;  Research Center, University Hospital La Fe, Valencia, Spain. 2003 & 2013

 

Residents living closer to cell tower and higher levels of exposure reported more circulatory problems, sleep disturbances, irritability, depression, blurred vision, and concentration difficulties. Abstract

  • Subjective symptoms reported by people living in the vicinity of cellular phone base stations: review; Bortkiewicz A, Zmyślony M, Szyjkowska A, Gadzicka E; Poland, 2004

 

Headaches, concentration problems, cold hands & feet, perceptual speed increased while accuracy went down slightly. Sleep quality was not effected by those having higher exposure levels from cell towers in their home. Abstract & Full Study

  • Subjective symptoms, sleeping problems, and cognitive performance in subjects living near mobile phone base stations’; H‐P Hutter, H Moshammer, P Wallner, and M Kundi;  Institute of Environmental Health, Medical University of Vienna, Austria. 2005.

 

In contrast, people exposed to higher cell tower radiation levels experienced greater calmness and lower arousal rates than people exposed to much lower cell tower radiation. NOTE: could greater calmness and lower arousal rates be implication of Fatigue.  Abstract & Full Study

  • GSM base stations: short-term effects on well-being.; Augner C1, Florian M, Pauser G, Oberfeld G, Hacker GW.; 1IGGMB, Research Institute for Frontier Questions of Medicine and Biotechnology, Landeskrankenhaus Salzburg, University Clinics of the Paracelsus Medical Private University, Salzburg, 2009

 

sleep, depression, greater infections, skin and cardiovascular problems, visual & auditory changes and greater gastrointestinal problems were found in homes with  higher readings of RF/microwave  radiation. Study

  • ‘Specific Health Symptoms from Cell Phone Radiation  Frequencies in Selbitz (Bavaria, Germany)—  Evidence of a Dose-Response Relationship’) ;   Horst Eger and Manfred Jahn;   Bavarian Municipality of  Selbitz, Germany. 2010.

 

Headache, memory changes, dizziness, tremors, depressive symptoms, sleep disturbance were found in population living under or opposite Building containing multiple Antennas. Neurobehavioral tests were administers to verify the questionaire results. Abstract & Full Study

  • ‘Neurobehavioral effects among inhabitants around mobile phone base stations’;  Abdel-Rassoul *, O. Abou El-Fateh, M. Abou Salem, A. Michael,  F. Farahat, M. El-Batanouny, E. Salem;  Community, Environmental and Occupational Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufiya University, Shebin El-Kom. Egypt.  2007

 

Inhabitants living less than < 300m from Cell tower experienced statistically significant higher incidence  nausea, headache, dizziness, irritability, discomfort, nervousness, depression, sleep disturbance, memory loss compared to those living >300 mtrs away. Abstract & Full Study

  • Health effects of living near mobile phone base transceiver station (BTS)antennae: a report from Isfahan, Iran; Daryoush Shahbazi-Gahrouei, Mojtaba Karbalae, et al.; Department of Medical Physics and Medical Engineering, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences. Iran. 2014.

 

LAB EXPOSURES – Controlled Environments

Cell Tower

 

Electrosensitive subjects exposed to stronger cell tower RF emissions reported symptoms like buzzing in the head, heart palpitation, lightheadedness, anxiety, breathlessness, respiratory problems, nervousness, agitation, headache, tinnitus, heat sensation and depression. The symptoms were additionally verified by significant brain wave changes as shown in EEG (Electrocephalogram).  Study

  • Cell phone base stations change brain currents and cause unwellness; Oberfeld,G, Schimke H., Bernatzky G.; Salzburg Univ & Land Salzburg – Depts of Neurodynamics & Neurosignaling, Environmental Medicine, Salzburg, Austria; Press Release from Omega News – May 1, 2005. Austria. 2005

 

Cell Phone

 

Headaches & sleep delay problems  were most strongly associated with cell phone exposure in a questionaire and EEG verified study.  Abstract & Full Study

  • ‘The EFects of 884 MHz GSM Wireless Communication Signals on Self-reported Symptoms and Sleep | An Experimental Provocation Study’; Bengt Arnetz, et al.; Wayne State University & Uppsala University, USA,  2Karolinska Institutet, Sweden;  US & Sweden, 2007.

Cellular & Hormonal Effects

Cellular & Hormonal Effects

 

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FIELD EXPOSURES – Uncontrolled Environments

Cell Tower ; Cell Phone

Young adult volunteers show reductions in hormonal levels and plasma proteins :  ACTH, serum cortisol, female prolactin levels, thyroid hormones especially T3 and testorone in males due to long term exposure to RF from cell towers, antennas & phones.

How does long term exposure to base stations and mobile phones affect human hormone profiles? Clinical Biochemistry, Volume 45, Issues 1–2, January 2012, Pages 157-161, Emad F. Eskander, Selim F. Estefan, Ahmed A. Abd-Rabou

Egypt 2012

Study Found 6 months after activation of neighboring cell tower stress related hormones/neurotransmitter was significantly elevated  thru increase stress hormones Adrenaline, noradrenaline and significant reduction in mood enhancing neurotransmitters dopamine, and phenylethylamine (PEA). This condition more pronounced in sick, elderly and young children. Condition continued 1 ½ after installation.

Changes of Clinically Important Neurotransmitters under the Influence of Modulated RF Fields—A Long-term Study under Real-life Conditions;

Dr. Klaus Buchner and Dr.Horst Eger; Elektromagnetische Felder in der

Medizin – Diagnostik, Therapie, Umwelt’; (Code-Nr. 65143 KV Bayern)

Germany, 2011

LAB EXPOSURES – Controlled Environments

Cell Phone

RF radiation induces negative micronuclei  in specific blood cell lines but not others. Possible  adverse health effect: Cancer & immune dysfunction ;

Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (UMTS, 1,950 MHz) induce genotoxic effects in vitro in human fibroblasts but not in lymphocytes’; Schwarz C, Kratochvil E, Pilger A, Kuster N, et al.; SourceDivision of Occupational Medicine, Medical University of Vienna  

Austria, 2008

Study showed  13 proteins in the Brain effected by exposure to direct exposure to RF/Microwave radiation, specifically Cordless phones. Study states proteins effected can have correlation to  headaches, sleep disturbance, fatigue, memory deficits, and brain tumor long-term induction.

Brain proteome response following whole body exposure of mice to mobile phone or wireless DECT base radiation. Adamantia F. Fragopoulou, George Th. Tsangaris, Lukas H. Margaritis; Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine

Greece, 2012

TAGS: Brain;

Rabbits moderately exposed showed enzymes governing respiration (succinate dehydrogenase – SD) & glycolysis (lactate dehydrogenase)  were significantly activated & deactivated, respectively. Implied the body had insufficient time for rest and repair thru process of glycolysis. SD is powerful  energy-supply enzyme in mitochondria which in turn effects respiration.  

The effect of cell-phone radiation on rabbits: Lymphocyte enzyme-activity data; M. V. Zakharchenko,  A. V. Kovzan, N. V. Khunderyakova, T. V. Yachkula, O. V. Krukova, R. G. et al; Biophysics. 61(1):100-104.

Russia, 2016

3G mobile phone significantly activated cellular stress response thru cellular signal transduction pathways, inducing DNA strand breaks in brain, significant increase in micronuclei. Activation of: heat shock proteins (hsp27, hsp70),  mitochondria dysfunction mediator cytochrome c release and subsequent activation of caspases involved in the process of radiation-induced apoptotic cell death

Effect of 3G cell phone exposure with computer controlled 2-D stepper motor on non-thermal activation of the hsp27/p38MAPK stress pathway in rat brain; Kesari KK, Meena R, Nirala J, Kumar J, Verma HN; Cell Biochem Biophys 68(2):347-358, 2014

India, 2014

TAGS: Brain;

RF Transmitter

Variations in the levels of  Stress metabolizing proteins and enzymes  were observed in 3 groups of  Humans subjects exposed to changing intensity levels of  cell tower radiation. Pronounced jump in Cortisol was found in group experiencing high exposure after a prolonged period of low cell tower exposure.  

Possible adverse  health effects:  Diabetes, Kidney  & cardiovascular disorders   

Effects of exposure to GSM mobile phone base station signals on salivary cortisol, alpha-amylase, and immunoglobulin A’; Augner C, Hacker GW, Oberfeld G, et al.;  Source IGGMB-Research Institute for Frontier Questions of Medicine and Biotechnology, Salzburg Federal Hospital-University Clinics of the Paracelsus Medical Private University

Austria, 2010

Rats RF exposed  showed stimulation to ROS (Reactive Oxygen Species) indicating oxidative stress and depression of various Thyroid hormones induced at RF levels mostly below safety guidelines. Protection afforded by Vit C &E antioxidants.  

Possible adverse  health effects: Diabetes; Thyroid , Reproductive and  Cardiovascular disorders.

900 MHz radiofrequency-induced histopathologic changes and oxidative stress in rat endometrium: protection by vitamins E and C ; Guney M, Ozguner F,  et al.; Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Suleyman Demirel University;  2007

Effects of 900 MHz electromagnetic field on TSH and thyroid hormones in rats. ; Koyu A, Cesur G, et al.;   SourceDepartment of Physiology, Suleyman Demirel University, School of Medicine,; Turkey 2005 & 2007

Rise in Micronuclei in fetal rat .

Possible adverse  health effect: Cancer and Immune dysfunction

‘Ultra high frequency-electromagnetic field irradiation during pregnancy leads to an increase in erythrocytes micronuclei incidence in rat offspring’;  Ferreira AR, Knakievicz T, et al.; Source Centro de Estudos em Estresse Oxidativo, Departamento de Bioquímica, ICBS, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre;  

Brazil 2006.

RF disturbs  calcium ion exchange process, activation of cyclic GMP & Nitric Oxide (NO) .  Authors suggest that radio frequency activates NO synthase to induce vasodilatation.

Possible adverse  health effect:  Diabetes, Cardiovascular disorders, Neurological & Learning

10 MHz (PW/burst) exposure any analysis of vasodilation in tissues and tissue homogenates’;  

Principal Investigator  Gunma University School of Medicine, Maebashi-shi

Japan  2009

RF radiation induces negative micronuclei  in specific blood cell lines but not others. Possible  adverse health effect: Cancer & immune dysfunction ;

Radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (UMTS, 1,950 MHz) induce genotoxic effects in vitro in human fibroblasts but not in lymphocytes’; Schwarz C, Kratochvil E, Pilger A, Kuster N, et al.; SourceDivision of Occupational Medicine, Medical University of Vienna,

Austria 2008

Rats exposed to simulated  pulse modulated 2G phone showed significant levels of oxidative stress  & tissue toxicity by release of reactive oxygen species thru lipid perioxidation  shown in the elevated levels of MDA(malondialdehyde) & Nitric Oxide(NOx) and decrease in protective  antioxidant Glutathione (GSH)

900 MHz pulse-modulated radiofrequency radiation induces oxidative stress on heart, lung, testis and liver tissues; Esmekaya MA, Ozer C, Seyhan N; Gen Physiol Biophys. 2011 Mar;30(1):84-9

Turkey,  2011

Circulatory & Cardiac Effects

Circulatory & Cardiac Effects

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FIELD EXPOSURES – Uncontrolled Environments

Cell and Broadcast Towers

Higher blood pressure and elevated cholesterol  in TV & broadcasting workers

Cardiovascular risk in operators under radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation’;  Vangelova K, Deyanov C, Israel M.;  Source National Center of Public Health Protection

Bulgaria, 2006

LAB EXPOSURES – Controlled Environments

Cell Phones

Comparison One minute Cell Phone call between New-users (NU) & long term (LT) users:  LT users increase in Chloresterol and Heart rate, while NU users  showed greater decrease Blood Oxygen absorption (SPO2%).

Effect of cell phone exposure on physiologic and hematologic parameters of male medical students of Bijapur (Karnataka) with reference to serum lipid profile: Parkar MA, Ahmed R, Abdullah BB, Patil BS, Das KK.;Department of Medicine, Al Ameen Medical College, Bijapur-, Karnataka, India; J Basic Clin Physiol Pharmacol. 2010;21(2):201-10

India, 2010

Effects seen on circulation, blood pressure, anxiety  by RF radiation

‘900 MHz (GSM) exposure and EEG, cerebral circulation, and auditory & evoked brainstem responses in humans; Res. Inst. for Radiobiology & Radiohygiene, Hungary;

Hungary, 2009

Cell phones in Ringing mode significantly increased heart rate variability chaos rate over stand-by mode

Analysis of the mobile phone effect on the heart rate variability by using the largest Lyapunov exponent;  Yılmaz D, Yıldız M; J Med Syst. Dec;34(6):1097-103. Epub 2009 Jun 18.

Turkey, 2010

Cancer

Cancer

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Brain Cancer

CONTROLLED Environments – LAB EXPOSURES

CELL PHONES

on March 28, 2018 one of the largest and most influential Cell phones studies to date was completed and reviewed by the NTP (National Toxicology Program), part of the US National Institute of Health,  and peer review panel of Industry and Academia. The research found multiple Cancers and Tumor formation in both Rats and Mice from exposure to 2G and 3G cell phone radiation.  Cancer and Neoplastic lesions of the Heart, Brain, Adrenal and Prostrate glands were statistically significant. Certain evidence that the pituitary, liver and pancreas could also may be effected by 2G and 3G phone radiation. DNA damage was also found in different areas of the body; however the Peer Review Panel did not review that evidence

4G and the critically debated 5G technology phones were not tested. Yet the radiation signals from these phones is much more complex and potentially more powerful

Complete Discussion and Details of the Research Study

EHTRust, https://ehtrust.org/clear-evidence-of-cancer-concludes-the-expert-panel-to-the-us-national-toxicology-program-on-cell-phone-radiation-study-findings/

Microwave News, http://microwavenews.com/news-center/ntp-peer-review-sees-tumor-risk

NTP Draft summary https://ntp.niehs.nih.gov/ntp/about_ntp/trpanel/2018/march/actions20180328_508.pdf

UNCONTROLLED Environments – FIELD EXPOSURES

CELL PHONES &  BROADCAST TOWERS

Study analyzed data on cell/cordless phone use and brain tumor rates between 2007 and 2009. They found that tumor rates rose after 10 years of use increasing steadily to 25 years. Occurrence of tumors as expressed Odds Ratio after 10 yrs analogue phone (OR) 1.8, increasing  (OR)3.3>25 years . Digital 2G phone OR=1.6, increasing OR=2.1 >15-20 years . Cordless phone use OR=1.7, and OR=2.1 for 15-20 years of use. OR rates greater for side of head, phone used.

Case-control study of the association between malignant brain tumours diagnosed between 2007 and 2009 and mobile and cordless phone use;  Hardell L, Carlberg M, Söderqvist F, Mild KH;  Int J Oncol 43(6):1833-1845,

Sweden,  2013

Study found mobile phones for ≥3 hours a day show a consistent pattern of increased risk for the mutant type of p53 gene expression in the peripheral zone of the glioblastoma (malignant brain cancer), and that this increase was significantly correlated with shorter overall survival time.

Connection between Cell Phone use, p53 Gene Expression in Different Zones of Glioblastoma Multiforme and Survival Prognoses;  Akhavan-Sigari R, Baf MM, Ariabod V, Rohde V, Rahighi S; Rare Tumors Aug 8;6(3):5350 doi: 104081/rt20145350

Iran, Germany, 2014

Heaviest Users of mobile phones, ≥896 hours had significant  elevated risks for Glioma,  OR=2.89; and meningiomas, OR=2.57 with ≥18,360 number of calls showing  OR = 2.10 just for gliomas.

Mobile phone use and brain tumours in the CERENAT case-control study;  Gaëlle Coureau,  Ghislaine Bouvier, Pierre Lebailly ,, Pascale Fabbro-Peray,  Anne Gruber , Karen Leffondre, ; Occup Environ Med doi:10.1136/oemed-2013-101754

France, 2013

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24816517

Other Cancers

UNCONTROLLED Environments – FIELD EXPOSURES

CELL PHONES; CELL, BROADCAST &  RADAR TOWERS

A four-fold increase in the incidence of cancer  was detected. among residents living near a mobile phone installation between 3 and 7 years

Increased Incidence of Cancer near a Cell –Phone Transmitter Station; Ronni Wolf MD, Danny Wolf  MD;The Dermatology Unit, Kaplan Medical Center, Rechovot, and the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University, Tel-Aviv

Israel, 2004

A  correlation exists between rising rates of  Melonoma and the appearance of the first FM Broadcasting transmitter in 4 different countries

Melanoma incidence and frequency modulation (FM) broadcasting; Hallberg O, Johansson O; 1Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute,; Arch Environ Health. 2002 Jan-Feb;57(1):32-40

Sweden 2002,

Living within  100 meters of cell tower raised the cancer incidence by 35%  compared to populations living further from cell tower and  presumably experiencing lower microwave radiation exposures.

Brazilian scientists have confirmed the results of earlier Austrian, German and Israeli studies by finding that living within 100 meters of a cell phone tower raises your cancer risk by 35%.;

Adilza C. Dodea, b, e, , et al;   Minas Methodist University Center Izabela Hendrix, Belo Horizonte City, Minas Gerais State, Brazil

Brazil, (2011)  

Significantly decreased survival rates of childhood leukemia from children residing less than 4 km from television towers

Decreased survival for childhood leukemia in proximity to television towers.; Hocking B1, Gordon I.;Statistical Consulting Centre, University of Melbourne; Arch Environ Health. 2003 Sep;58(9):560-4.

Australia,  2003

Children living within 2 km of nearest AM radio transmitter had 2.5 higher incidence of Leukemia

Radio-frequency radiation exposure from AM radio transmitters and childhood leukemia and brain cancer.; Ha M1, Im H, Lee M, et al; Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan….; Am J Epidemiol. 2007 Aug 1;166(3):270-9

Korea, 2007

A three-fold increase in the incidence of malignant tumours  was found after 5 years exposure in people living 400 metres from a mobile phone mast.   

The Influence of Being Physically Near to a Cell PhoneTransmission Mast on the Incidence of Cancer; Horst Eger, Klaus Uwe Hagen, Birgitt Lucas, Peter Vogel, Helmut Voit  Published in Umwelt·Medizin·Gesellschaft 17,4

Germany, 2004,   

Cancers  varied from eye; testes; nasal; lymphoma; breast. RF radiation levels were not much higher than cell phones in talk mode,or close proximity to commercial WIFI routers or  Smart meter.

Cancer in Radar Technicians Exposed to Radiofrequency/Microwave Radiation: Sentinel Episodes;  Richter E,  Berman T, Ben-Michael E,  Laster R, Westin JB,; Int J Occup Environ Health 6(3):187-193,

Israel, 2000

Study found significant incident of Salivary gland (Parotid) tumors and malignancies on same side of head (ipsilatera)  the phone was used, for specifically heavier users identified by cumulative number of calls, odds ratio (OR) 1.58 and call time OR = 1.49.  For l use, the odds ratios in the highest category of cumulative number of calls and call time without use of hands-free devices were 1.58 (95% confidence interval: 1.11, 2.24) and 1.49 (95% confidence interval: 1.05, 2.13), respectively.

Cellular phone use and risk of benign and malignant parotid gland tumors–a nationwide case-control study;   Sadetzki S, Chetrit A, Jarus-Hakak A, Cardis E, Deutch Y, Duvdevani S, Zultan A, Novikov I, Freedman L, Wolf M; Am J Epidemiol. 2008 Feb 15;167(4):457-67. Epub 2007 Dec 6

Israel, 2007

Learning & Behavior

Learning & Behavior

The distinct issues we find in this section is that working memory is effected by Wireless RF exposure, especially in younger test subjects. Reaction time seems to speed up as a reaction to exposure.

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FIELD EXPOSURES – Uncontrolled Environments

CELL PHONES; other PERSONAL WIRELESS DEVICES

Severe Cognitive decline children 7-12 yrs of age using various Mobile Communication devices  in 4 yr study span

Psychophysiological Indicators for Child Users of Mobile Communications Devices: 1) Overview of Present State of the Problem and 2) Results of 4-Year Monitoring of Cognitive, Memory and Other Functions in 196 Children Ages 7-12 who used Mobile Communications Devices;  N. I. Khorseva, Yu. G. Grigoriev, N. V. Gorbunova ; Institution of the Russian Academy of Sciences N. M. Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, 119334 Russia; sheridan1957@mail.ru ; Radiation Biology. Radiation Ecology. 2011. Volume 51, No.5, p.611-616

Russia, 2011

Effect on memory, reaction time affected by teenagers cell phone usuage

‘ Mobile telephone use is associated with changes in cognitive function in young adolescents’;  Abramson MJ, Benke GP, Dimitriadis C, Inyang IO, Sim MR, Wolfe RS, Croft RJ.; Department of Epidemiology & Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health & Preventive Medicine, Monash University

Australia, 2009 :

NOTE: the authors allege that the cognitive decrease found in teenagers doing cell phone texting  is Not a result of RF exposure. They assume the decrease is related to some other cause. Cell phones emit a strong pulse of  RF/microwave radiation around the body of user at time of message delivery, activation and receipt of message. That specific cloud of  radiation should NOT be dismissed as inconsequential during texting. See Mayo Clinic Texting study below.

Behavioral problems and hyperactivity in children of mothers using cell phones during pregnancy and continued use by children up to age of 7 years

Prenatal and postnatal exposure to cell phone use and behavioral problems in children;

Divan HA, Kheifets L, Obel C, Olsen J.; SourceDepartment of Epidemiology, UCLA School of Public Health, University of California; 2008

Denmark, 2008

LAB EXPOSURES – Controlled Environment

Cell Phone

Mice exposed to Cell phone radiation in early Utero gestation had impaired memories, hyperactive and less anxious

Fetal Radiofrequency Radiation Exposure From 800-1900 Mhz-Rated Cellular Telephones Affects Neurodevelopment and Behavior in Mice:  Tamir S. Aldad,  Geliang Gan, Xiao-Bing Gao; & Hugh S. Taylor  Scientific Reports 2,Article number:312doi:10.1038/srep00312Received 13 July 2011 Accepted 17 February 2012 Published 15 March 2012

US, 2012

Response time delayed

‘Effects of radiofrequency radiation emitted by cellular telephones on the cognitive functions of humans’;   Eliyahu I, Luria R, Hareuveny R, et al.;  Source Radiation Safety Division Soreq NRC, Yavne, Israel;  2006

Israel, 2006

Meta-analysis (Compilation of research) of   Neurobehavioral animal studies showed significant changes in reaction time  & working memory from GSM cell phones.     

‘A meta-analysis for neurobehavioural effects due to electromagnetic field exposure emitted by GSM mobile phones’;  Barth A, Winker R, Ponocny-Seliger E, et al.;  Source Institute of Management Science, Division Ergonomics and Organization, Vienna University of Technology

Austria, 2007

Nervous System & Brain Effects

Nervous System & Brain Effects

This topic is highly cross linked with ‘Cellular & Hormonal’  and ‘Learning and Behavior’ effects. Categorizing the Nervous System and the Brain as independent is limited since the both are interrelated and so many other functions of the body or either depend upon the reactions of other body processes.

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LAB EXPOSURES – Controlled Environment

Cell Phone

Researchers found Smartphone & Ipad TEXTing sets up a unique Texting Rhythm (Brain Wave) in the brain that is not duplicated by other similar activities. This novel brain pattern according to researchers can have implications for texting while driving. The brain pattern showed an over stimulated brain.  

Cortical processing during smartphone text messaging; Tatum WO, DiCiaccio B, Yelvington KH;  Epilepsy Behav. 2016 Jun;59:117-21. doi: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2016.03.018. Epub 2016 Apr 30.

USA, 2016

The Pulse Modulation from cell phone radiation frequencies changes  the Brain Wave patterns in Sleep and Waking EEG measurements

‘Electromagnetic fields, such as those from mobile phones, alter regional cerebral blood flow and sleep and waking EEG’;  Huber R, Treyer V, Borbély AA, et al.; Source Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Zurich

Switzerland, 2002

Cell phones exposures leads to  breaching of Blood Brain Barrier  allows toxins to enter brain.  Possible adverse health effects: Neurological diseases

Nerve Cell Damage in Mammalian Brain after Exposure to Microwaves from GSM Mobile Phones’;  Leif G. Salford, Arne E. Brun, et al.;  Department of Neurosurgery, Department of Medical Radiation Physics,  Department of Applied Electronics, Lund University, The Rausing Laboratory and Lund University Hospital

Sweden, 2002

EEG readings showed after cell phone exposure at night, test subjects had difficulty falling asleep and reaching and maintaining the deeper sleep cycles.  

The Effects of 884 MHz GSM Wireless Communication Signals on Self-reported Symptom and Sleep (EEG)- An Experimental Provocation Study; Arnetz BB, Akerstedt T, Hillert L, Lowden A, Kuster N, Wiholm C; Bioelectromagnetics. 2008 Apr;29(3):185-96’

Sweden, 2007

RF Transmitter

Two mice nerve cell lines were studied to detect alterations from RF cell phone type exposure. Study found increased expression  of cytoskeleton regulating factors, β-thymosin, and reduced number of cortical neurons.

Continuous exposure to 900 MHz GSM-modulated EMF alters morphological maturation of neural cells; Giovanna Del Vecchio, Alessandro Giuliani, Mercedes Fernandeza, Pietro Mesircab, Ferdinando Bersani; Neurosci Lett. 2009 May 22;455(3):173-7. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2009.03.061. Epub 2009 Mar

Italy, 2009

Pulse modulation emitted by cell phones and other wireless devices  is crucial for RF EMF-induced alterations in brain physiology and increase in regional cerebral blood flow.

Exposure to pulse-modulated radio frequency electromagnetic fields affects regional cerebral blood flow; Huber R, Treyer V, Schuderer J, Berthold T, Buck A, Kuster N, Landolt HP, Achermann P; Eur J Neurosci. 2005 Feb;21(4):1000-6.

Switzerland, 2005

Exposure during pregnancy led to compromised learning behavior and histopathological changes appearing in the hippocampus.

The Effects of 900 Megahertz Electromagnetic Field Applied in the Prenatal Period on Spinal Cord Morphology and Motor Behavior in Female Rat Pups; Ersan Odacı, Ayşe İkinci, Mehmet Yıldırım, et al;  NeuroQuantology , December 2013 ,Volume 11 | Issue 4 , Page 582-590

Reproduction, Growth, & Fertility Effects

Reproduction, Growth, & Fertility Effects

The effects of Wireless RF/microwave radiation on this topic are numerous. This section has done a minimal job introducing the abundant amount of scientific research that has been completed on this topic. Probably the most publicized research in this area is male sperm fertility issues effected by RF radiation, specifically direct contact with wireless devices such as cell phones in pocket and wifi enabled laptops on lap.

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FIELD EXPOSURES – Uncontrolled Environments

Cell Phones & Wifi

Out of 371 Men tested prolonged use of cell phones appears to show negative effects on the sperm motility characteristics

“Is there a relationship between cell phone use and semen quality?”

Fejes I1, Závaczki Z, Szöllosi J, Hungary, 2005

Insert New Link below

Damage of Sperm vitality from laptops WIFI  enabled

Laptop, Wi-Fi radiation may affect male fertility; Conrado Avendaño, a biochemist specializing in andrology, in collaboration with Ariela Mata, reproductive biology specialist and César Sánchez Sarmiento;  Nascentis Medical Center

Argentina, 2010

LAB EXPOSURES – Controlled Environments

Cell Phones

Oxidative stress  reduces Sperm motility .  

Possible adverse health effect:  Reproduction damage   ;  

‘Radio frequency electromagnetic radiation (RF-EMR) from GSM (0.9/1.8GHz) mobile phones induces oxidative stress and reduces sperm motility in rats’;  Mailankot M, Kunnath AP, et al.;  SourceDepartment of Biochemistry, Melaka Manipal, Medical College;  

India, 2009

Exposure to RF by cell phones significantly  decreased  sperm motility and viability, increase oxidative stress in sperm while reducing total antioxidant capacity

Effects of radiofrequency electromagnetic waves (RF-EMW) from cellular phones on human ejaculated semen: an in vitro pilot study.; Agarwal A1, Desai NR, et al; US, 2009,   

Reproductive decline & cellular damage  in certain breed of Insects exposed for generations to cell phone frequencies.

MOBILE TELEPHONY RADIATION EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGANISMS; Dimitris J. Panagopoulos* and Lukas H. Margaritis;  Department of Cell Biology and Biophysics, Faculty of Biology, University of Athens

Greece, 2008

FIELD EXPOSURES – Uncontrolled Environments

Broadcasting Antennas

Continued exposure by female mice to neighboring antenna radiation from broadcast towers caused them to become increasingly infertile. After 5 litters they were completely infertile. Radiation levels were no higher than that found in close proximity to many current wireless devices. Mice can have up to 8 to 9 litters per year.

RF radiation-induced changes in the prenatal development of mice; Magras IN1Xenos TD; Bioelectromagnetics. 1997;18(6):455-61

Greece 1997

Allergy Effects

Allergy Effects

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LAB EXPOSURES – Controlled Environment

Cell Phone

Blood &  pollen skin test revealed higher allergy response  during the use of cell phones

Allergic Reactions Enhanced by Cell Phone Use’;  Darin Ingels, ND, MT (ASCP); Bastyr Center for Natural Health, Kirkland, WA; 2003

US, 2003   

Only people with Eczema had increased allergic skin effect by playing  Video Games and frequently ringing cell phones. Besides skin wheal responses and increased plasma levels of substance P, vasoactive intestinal peptide and nerve growth factors were produced and concomitant increase production ofinterleukin  inflammatory factors , IL-4, IL-10 and IL-13.

Enhancement of allergic skin wheal responses in patients with atopic eczema/dermatitis syndrome by playing video games or by a frequently ringing mobile phone; Kimata H;  Eur J Clin Invest 33(6):513-517, 2003

Japan, 2003

Other Diseases

Other Diseases

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Nervous System

Many of the common diseases associated with the Nervous system and the brain have been found under occupational exposures. Unfortunately, these exposures do not categorize what type of electromagnetic frequency involved. The ones that do, identify it in crude terms as Magnetic fields, probably in lower frequency bands associated with power lines frequencies, not the higher RF & microwave frequencies bands found in wireless communication radiation. Nevertheless, 60 years of electromagnetic science shows time and again that bio-effects occurring in the lower powerline frequency bands, more often than not occur in the higher RF/microwave frequency bands.

FIELD EXPOSURES – Uncontrolled Environments

OCCUPATIONAL EMF

Elevated occupational magnetic field exposure was associated with an increased risk of Alzheimers

A case-control study of occupational magnetic field exposure and Alzheimer’s disease: results from the California Alzheimer’s Disease Diagnosis and Treatment Centers; Zoreh Davanipour, 1 Chiu-Chen Tseng,2 Pey-Jiuan Lee,2 and Eugene Sobel; BMC Neurol. 2007; 7: 13, 2007 June 9

US , 2007

 

Higher incidence of  ALS, Parkinsons in Electrical occupations;

Occupational exposure to magnetic fields in case-referent studies of neurodegenerative diseases;

Noonan CW, Reif JS, Yost M, Touchstone J.;  Source Department of Environmental Health, Colorado State University;

US, 2002:  

 

Diabetes

Diabetes is a particularly pervasive disease today with a very strong growing trendline. Diabetes is an interesting disease because it relates to many other metabolic diseases, which often their root cause in stress factors concommitantly effecting glucose metabolism. The key factor in RF radiation’s bioeffect is most often stimulating stress mechanisms of the body.

 

FIELD EXPOSURES – Uncontrolled Environments

CELL  TOWERS; GENERAL EMF SOURCES

 

School Children exposed to Cell towers in vicinity of School higher incidence of Type 2 Diabetes as measured specific hemogloblin marker, HbA1c

Association of Exposure to Radio-Frequency Electromagnetic Field Radiation (RF-EMFR) Generated by Mobile Phone Base Stations with Glycated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus;;   Ayoub Meo , Yazeed Alsubaie et al; Department of Physiology, Department of Clinical Bio-Chemistry College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh ; Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health  12(11), 14519-14528

Saudi Arabia 2015;

 

LAB EXPOSURES – Controlled Environment

Cell Phone

 

Cellphone use tied  increase brain glucose activity  can lead to the formation  of free radicals which in excess can damage healthy cells or set off an inflammatory response.

Possible adverse  health effects : Diabetes & jCardiovascular disorders.

‘Cellphone Use Tied to Changes in Brain Activity’; Dr. Nora D. Volkow, director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse;  National Institute of Health; 2011

U.S.  2011

 

Radio Transmitter

 

Study showed mice who were exposed to mobile phone simulated radiation for longer periods showed higher glucose levels and  higher insulin resistance

Effects of exposure to electromagnetic field radiation (EMFR) generated by activated mobile phones on fasting blood glucose; Meo SA, Al Rubeaan K; Int J Occup Med Environ Health 26(2):235-241, 2013

Saudia Arabia, 2013

Wildlife & Plants Effects

Wildlife & Plants Effects

Most of this section involves smaller animal life such birds and bees. They appear to be easier to study as well as more susceptible to RF wireless radiation technologies. Several plant studies have been performed that show they can be equally compromised by our wireless technologies.

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Reproductive decline of house sparrow and tadpole exposed to cell tower radiation

Mobile phone mast effects on common frog (Rana temporaria) tadpoles: the city turned into a laboratory”;;  Balmori A.;  SourceC/Navarra

The urban decline of the house sparrow (Passer domesticus): a possible link with electromagnetic radiation   Balmori A, Hallberg O., Direccion General del Medio Natural, Consejería de Medio Ambiente;

Spain 2007 & 2010

Rocky Mountain Aspen tree growth stunted from environmental radiowaves

Lyons woman studies how radio waves affect trees’;  The Daily Camera, Boulder Co, July

US 2010  

Bees do not return to Hive  exposed to cell phone radiation

Changes in honeybee behaviour and biology under the influence of cellphone radiations’;

Ved Parkash Sharma and Neelima R. Kumar,; Department of Environment and Vocational Studies, and Department of Zoology, Panjab University; August

CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 98, NO. 10, 25 MAY 2010 1376

 India 2010

Honey bee piping sounds  increase in the vicinity of active cell phone exposure. An indication of active swarming. 2010

Mobile phone-induced honeybee worker piping”,  Daniel FAVRE,  Scientific collaborator in the Laboratory of Cellular Biotechnology (LBTC), Swiss Federal Institute of Technology  (EPFL), Lausanne, Switzerland; Apiary School of the City of Lausanne, Chemin du Bornalet 2, CH-1066, Épalinges, Switzerland

Switzerland 2010

Ants direct exposure to EMF waves lose their ability to collect food and respond to alarm pheromones leading to substantially reduced colony.

Food collection and response to pheromones in an ant species exposed to electromagnetic radiation.

Marie-Claire Cammaerts, Zoheir Rachidi, François Bellens, Philippe De Doncker. Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine. Published online Jan 15, 2013.
Belguim, 2013

COMPOSITE REPORTS OF WILDLIFE RESEARCH

The Report on Possible Impacts from Communication Towers on Wildlife including Birds and Bees

commissioned by the Ministry of Environment and Forest, Government of India, India.  2010,

http://www.moef.nic.in/downloads/public-­information/final_mobile_towers_report.pdf

Impacts of radio-frequency electromagnetic field (RF-­EMF) from cell phone towers and wireless devices on biosystem and ecosystem

India, 2012

http://www.biolmedonline.com/Articles/Vol4_4_2012/Vol4_4_202-216_BM-8.pdf

Electromagnetic Pollution from Phone masts, Effects on Wildlife,

Balmori, Pathophysiology, doi:10.1016/j.pathophys.2009.01.007 , Spain, 2009  

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19264463

Presentation to the Manitoba Entomological Society, reviewing 91 studies on the effects of RF/MW radiation on honey bees, insects, birds

Canada, 2014

https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/mobilfunk_newsletter/0RUPGTI4qQY

Reduced Bird Population, Bees colony Collapse Disorder  and Wildlife

US Fish & Wildife review of studies, US


Well Being and Health

alergies

Cellular & Hormonal

Cellular Hormone

Circulatory & Cardiac Changes

Circulation Heart

Cancer

Cancer

Learning & Behavior

Learn & Behav

Nervous System & the Brain

Nervous Sys Brain

Reproduction, Growth & Fertility

reproduct fertility

Allergies

Allergy

Diseases

Disease

WildLife & Plants

Wildlife plants